Typical Developmental Milestones


Because the earliest years lay the foundation for all future growth, it is important that caregivers have the tools to recognize the impact of trauma at this stage. This section highlights typical development in four crucial areas—physical, cognitive, social, and emotional and discusses the ways in which trauma can interfere with healthy development. It then describes ways to recognize when infants and toddlers could benefit from professional help and explains why parents and caregivers are often involved in psychotherapy for the youngest children.